Bogolan fabric (mud cloth)
The bogolan is a very old traditional technique of vegetable dyeing valued and practiced in Mali and Burkina Faso.
The bogolan manufacturing process is handcrafted. The textile used is woven cotton. Cotton is dyed by being soaked in a mix of tree leaves (ngali and ntjankara) containing a high concentration of tannin.
The patterns are then made freehand on the fabric from the mud. When the mud has dried, the piece of cotton is rinsed with water to remove the excess mud. Then, the process of soaking with the mud is repeated several times on the areas where it is desired to reinforce the black color.
Finally, the residual yellow areas are bleached with a mixture of millet and peanuts as well as an active ingredient: soda.
Washing advice: Frequent washing or direct exposure to the sun can reduce the brightness of the colors. The fabric should be soaked in water with salt or 1/3 cup of white vinegar.